Formation of appearance.
Formation of appearance.
The main methods of forming the appearance of the plants include crop, pinched, pasynkovaniya and tying. Pruning is very important for plants since it allows you to maintain a balance between nademnoy part of the plant and its root system. When forming the crown pruning, you need not only to give the plant a beautiful view, but also to achieve a uniform nutrient in all branches of the plant, in addition, the plant on all sides should be available to light and air.
Some plants (laurels, myrtles, biota, boxwood, etc.) can withstand pruning, to give them a wide variety of shapes such as balls, pyramids, etc. For stam form for plants remove all side shoots, but when escape is designed to remove the trunk to reach the desired height, its top pinch. This will cause the appearance of the leaf axils of side shoots, which also pinch out the tops, and so do the 2-3 times, until fork crown is not good enough. In the form of stam grow roses, pelargonium, fuchsia, etc.
Pruning is carried out annually in the spring, after the transplant. The shoots are cut above a bud that faces outward. In this case, the cutting of the kidney should not remain, but the kidney should not be damaged. Pruning shears carried out, with sharp scissors or knife. Severe pruning is used to rejuvenate the plant (pelargonium, fuchsia, hydrangea, etc.). This removes almost all the crown, left only a short shoots with 2-3 buds. During the pruning should be considered, where the buds should be formed - in the old or young shoots. Plants whose flowers are formed on new year's wood, cut in spring, before growth. The figure shows the place of red trim, in this case, it is the terminal bud of the shoots. Near the same plant, which after some time become more bushy.
By the way: not always topping the terminal bud immediately leads to the development of lateral shoots sometimes it takes a long time. For example, once in May, I prischipnula on euonymus apical buds of two lateral shoots, and branches of these shoots have begun only in July, all the while growing more, not prischipnutye shoots. Pinched or pinitsirovka, is to remove the terminal bud or buds from the end of the escape, the kidney is removed by hand or cut with scissors or a knife. This causes the development of lateral shoots. Plants pinch after transplantation, when they take root and start growing. Keep in mind that pinched and cropping delaying the beginning of flowering, so once the plants get the desired shape, or tillering, pinched stop. Pinched or a small crop in August, strong branches with flower buds, and improves the quality of the flowers.
Many plants are pruned after flowering (acacia, hydrangea, etc.). Plants that lose leaves in winter (fuchsia, etc.) cut in the spring with the beginning of new growth. In this clip, dry, weak and superfluous branches. Good strong branches are pruned to about half. In Passiflora after flowering cut all the flowering shoots up to almost the base, and in the autumn but this clip is not all woody sprouts. In the spring of passion fruit is cut lower shoots to send all the juices in the upper, blossoming shoots. And here at Hoya (wax ivy), by contrast, flowering shoots are not pruned, since they are able to produce new flowers.
Pasynkovaniya - receiving, is to remove the excess side shoots (laterals). Used mainly for decorative and flowering plants. Removed not blooming or poorly flowering side shoots. This method contributes to a more abundant blooms and getting larger flowers.
Garter plant is designed to give the plant stability and a more beautiful sight. Garter should be compulsory for the plants made the garden into the open air, so the plant does not suffer from the wind. Plant tied with a thread of wool, soft lace, ribbon, urine, large plants in the form of trees, tied with wire (a coil). Thread or braid is better to take the green or brown. If tying is important that plants are not corrupted peel stalks. Plants with long barrel tied in several places. In bushy plant tied one or more main stems.
The figure shows the different ways to create podvyaznoy wall, which can be made from thin reechek. More difficult to tie ampelnye plants. For example, to tie up the branches of asparagus growing in pots on the wall near the ceiling, into the pot with the plant gently stuck a stick (you can use an old watercolor brush or pencil) on the opposite wall of the plant are driven small cloves. From sticks to these studs tensioned strings, the best white, around which twine branches asparagus, it is desirable that each branch has got its own thread. Thus, we can arrange a green curtain from the ceiling. Some tie up a thread just behind the branch plant, but you can not do, because you can pinch thread vessels in the stem and branch eventually will die or be hurt.
Caring for the leaves - can also be called the formation of appearance. Dust, dirt deposited on the leaves of plants as well as items of furniture, but it is not always visible. Dust clogs the pores on the leaves, preventing the breathing process, reduces the amount of light, so necessary for the plants, and just breaks the decorative beauty of plants. On plants with broad leaves dust is particularly noticeable. The leaves of these plants should be frequently cleaned with a damp cloth or sponge. Plants that are not contraindicated for spraying, would do well to periodically hold a shower, if allows the size of the plant. You can also use aerosols or sprays for polishing the leaves, but not all plants can use them.
Especially useful tool polishing for large plants that are cleaned using a sponge for too long, and if such a plant is in the office, then rub the leaves do not have time. Means polishing the leaves are sold in flower shops or garden centers. Before buying a polish, make sure that your plant can handle the polish, and read the instructions carefully, especially the precautions. Plants with downy leaves can not be cleaned with a sponge or cloth and dust accumulates on them as well. Therefore, they clean the dust with a soft brush to paint.
Cacti and other succulents as clean a brush, and for the prevention of various pests, these plants are periodically washed with a brush dipped in pure medical alcohol. And of course everyone should understand that any plants must periodically strip the yellowed and withered leaves, and old faded flowers, since it spoils its decorative appeal. When you strip the old leaves or remove damaged, pay attention, not too many of them. Otherwise, it may be wound up on your plant pest, or violated the conditions of detention.
It is often possible to observe such a picture (for example tsissusa): tsissus rombolistny placed in the center of the room with a south window, in the spring and summer in the room a bright diffused light, the plant feel great. In autumn, sunny days are rare, short daylight hours and tsissusa start to turn yellow and wither and grow brown leaves, despite the fact that all the same window in a room on the south side. By winter, the plant will lose half of its leaves, and the spring specifically oblyseet.
Not versed in the indoor plant person will be sinning a lack of watering, and God forbid, gets into it, but in fact all it had to put a plant on the windowsill box or place next to him daylight lamp. If you say - and here the formation of the appearance, then I'll tell you that in some way the formation of appearance is the result of care and the rules of the content of the plant.