Fertilizers - General.

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  • General questions.

     

     

    When to fertilizer.

    Potted plants in a limited area supply greatly deplete the earth. When the roots of plants opletut soil components, they form a felt-like layer in which the individual roots do not even have contact with the ground. Therefore, if the roots of plants fully braided earth and pierced the room, the plant needed to replant in the fertile soil. If the roots of plants only braided ground components, but did not form a felt, you should apply the handling of the plant or mineral or organic fertilizer.

    Fertilizer watering is best done in the evening. Fertilize only healthy plants during growth and flowering. In a period of rest and stop the growth of some plants in late summer and autumn the plant is not fertilized. Nor can we nourish not peeled, and diseased plants. Rapidly growing plants are fertilized more often slow-growing - at least, tub plants are fertilized as often. It is impossible to make fertilizer, when ground is dry room. Need to pre-moisten it well and then make a Fertilizer watering. For most indoor flowering plants, it is recommended to make a complete fertilizer, at least twice - during budding or the formation of flower buds.

    When it is not recommended for top dressing fertilizer:

    - Plants in a dormant period or the end of the period of growth before the dormant period,
    - The newly transplanted plants and the newly purchased plant (dressing not earlier than 2 weeks)
    - Diseased plants when no reason for the painful condition,
    - Plants with damaged root system (root rot if the plant was severely flooded, etc.)
    - Cacti is not recommended to feed organic fertilizers.

    Which is fertilizer:

    Plants require at different periods of growth and development of various fertilizers. Nitrogen fertilizers promote enhanced growth of stems and lush oblistvleniyu. With excess nitrogen plants zhiruyut, during the growing season lengthens, and the beginning of flowering is delayed, and the plant is easier to get sick of fungal diseases. Phosphate fertilizers accelerate copious and prolonged flowering plants and have a positive impact on the mortgaged flower buds.

    Potash fertilizers promote plant growth. Together with potassium phosphate fertilizer has a good effect on the abundant flowering plants and flower color. For flowering plants, potash fertilizer is most often used during the inception and development of flower buds and the appearance of buds. Can not tolerate this fertilizer during the emergence of the buds of camellia and other plants with leaves and flower buds emerge from the same sinus. Pereudobrennye plants zhiruyut, later flowering, immature flower buds die. Cut flowers pereudobrennyh plants badly to stay in the water.

    Now release fertilizer in the form of insoluble powders and granules, pellets and sticks, as well as liquid fertilizer. Be sure the label should be an indication of the percentage composition of the fertilizer and instructions for use. Powders and pellets are widely used in gardening for outdoors. In the indoor floriculture is better to use tablets or sticks, which are immersed in the soil. But there are significant drawbacks. First, nutrients are concentrated in one place, and secondly, if necessary, for example, with the onset of dormancy this fertilizer is difficult to extract from the soil. Therefore, the most effective liquid fertilizers.
    Concentration of Fertilizer polivok to be weak, especially in the early growth of plants. Best action might have a more frequent watering with a weak solution.

    Even now, when the store you can buy virtually any fertilizer, many owners of indoor plants fertilize the plants with organic fertilizers, which were brought to the cottage or the garden.
    Organic fertilizers improve the physical properties of soil, improve its ability to absorb moisture, reduce soil acidity, improve its aeration. Humus (decomposed manure) is extremely valuable fertilizer. As Fertilizer sprinkler used mullein infusion (1 part manure to 10 parts water). Fertilizing manure contains enough phosphorus, so it can add superphosphate at the rate of 12-15g for a bucket of feed. There are plants such as asparagus, which are very fond of feeding of mullein.

    It is best to transplant them smear the walls of the pot cow dung, and then covered with soil. Fertilizing bird droppings gives an even greater effect than feeding mullein. Nutritionally superior to poultry manure mullein and also has no odor. Before using chicken manure is diluted with water to slightly dull greenish hue. However, a solution of high concentration can kill plants, so apply the feeding bird droppings can only be experienced gardeners.

     








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