Rest of plants - is a condition in which the visible growth of plants occurs. In a period of rest, most physiological processes in the plant is suspended, and some stopped altogether. Distinguish between organic and forced to rest. When the organic alone is not coming transition to a form of augmentation of growth, due to the special status of the plant. To change this state of the plant to a certain time, certain temperature and lighting. Organic rest is due to hereditary characteristics of plants that emerged during evolution. Forced to peace is the absence of an enabling environment for growth. This is primarily reducing lighting in the winter and decrease in temperature. If the heat and light enough, then forced to rest it does not.
Indoor plants can be divided into three groups:
1. Plant, under favorable growth conditions that do not have a dormant period (tradescantia, tsiperus, Cleve, ofiopogon, etc.). These plants can be found in winter under normal conditions of detention, but please note that some loss of leaves and slow growth - of course with a decrease in light in winter.
2. Plants with mandatory rest period during the year (orchids, Gloxinia, Caladium, some cacti and the dr.). Plants of this group suffer painful otsutstive dormancy. To them he needed to lay the flower buds, or spring growth. In the absence of a dormant period, some plants may simply die.
3. Plants, for which the rest state is not necessarily, ie, they can have it, or may not have. These plants can grow all year (amarellisy, Crinum, etc.)
The duration of rest influenced by various external factors: temperature, soil moisture, light intensity, etc. Low temperature prolongs the dormant period, high - reducing it. This is based on the distillation plant. Dryness of the soil extends the period of calm, the humidity it - reduces. Light also shortens the period of rest. Natural conditions are such that winter daylight hours shortened so that it is not enough for intensive growth, so most plants slow down growth and are ready for a rest period. Should reduce the frequency of watering, to reduce the temperature in the room. All recommended values â€‹â€‹given in the section for the Encyclopedia of each plant.
Plants, which are characterized by a mandatory period of rest (Gloxinia, cyclamen, grenades and the dr.) Are best placed in a cool, dark basement, protected from drafts, but at the same time with plenty of fresh air. In urban apartments place overwintering these plants would be best bathroom, directly under the bathtub. Sign of the end of the dormant period is the beginning of plant growth. If you removed the pot with cut off for the winter Gloxinia a bath, then, looking back in the spring, will find that out of the ground appeared shoots - it's time to get a flower and put on the usual place on the window. Gradually resume normal watering and fertilizing as necessary plant is transplanted.
Those plants that do not need a period of rest (violet, balsam, tsiperus, etc.), however, need less watering and feeding during the month, when the shortest daylight hours. Zimnetsvetuschie potted plants do not need a period of rest should be regularly watered and fed all the time of flowering. Many people why they think that the rest period of indoor plants is associated only with decreasing temperature, and if the winter krartire warm, the plants are not resting. And besides the temperature, there are factors such as light, food, etc.
In fact, quite a lot of problems, illnesses and even death of plants occurs in winter months, when he should be forced or compulsory rest period. If you think about it most of the plants are killed just for the winter. Most of the violations of the conditions - with a lack of light, not cool enough temperature, proximity heating system, too dry air, plants grow poorly and is easily attacked by pests and diseases.
What torment plants, if you know you will not be able to provide good conditions for winter growth and development, give them a rest. Try to arrange them a rest period, so that the increase was negligible. Otherwise, if you do not want to arrange a period of rest, balance the conditions so that the growth of plants in the winter was right - that was not warped, and the long, fine leaves and shoots. To do this, first of all need to increase coverage by one or more fluorescent lamps.
It's so easy - at any hardware store you can buy fluorescent tubes - within 300 rubles. A pair of screws in the wall and your plant over the winter not only do not lose leaves, but can bloom continuously and pleasing to the eye. However, this only applies to plants that do not require a mandatory rest period.