You bought the plant.
It is easy enough to find tips about buying plants on this topic there are articles in all the books and websites about houseplants. However, the question of what to do with the plant home when it is purchased or donated. But on how well you will do depends on how it will continue to grow and develop. So let's start with what you have already bought the plant, or you gave it and here it is in your home. You brought him and the first time admiring. So, enjoy the beauty, change your perspective on a more practical, and check for the presence of plant pests. Better for this use a magnifying glass.
Plant health should not be:
1. no plaques on the leaves and stems;
2. black dots;
3. web on the leaves or stems of internodes.
Even if nothing suspicious was found, it is still better than the first three weeks to isolate the new plant from the others. During those three weeks it is possible to determine the place will always be a pot with the plant, because sometimes buying large beautiful plant, for example, a large yucca, it becomes an integral part and interior decoration. During this time you need to know about the new plant as much as possible.
Unfortunately, many books about houseplants too expensive for people of moderate means, so not everyone can afford them. Then we can go on a little trick - go to your nearest store, which sells books on indoor plants and look through it with an air of innocence. Browse through not one but several books, subtract what you can about your new plant. A book to buy is not necessary. Yes, if you do not tear the pages you or anyone will be offended. Do not consider my advice for the lack of any decency, but sometimes it really can not afford to buy good books about plants, and want your pet got the right conditions. Compare the literary sources of the materials on the same plant on the site about houseplants.
So, you know what conditions are needed for your plant. Now try their best to recreate. I am often faced with the fact that, after reading about the different modes of content owners understand their plants too literally. For example, the book says that the plant Shade and put in the middle of the room or in a dark corner. And this is not always correct. First, much depends on the orientation of the windows on the side of the world or whether there are any trees shading the streets. If the window is south and not obscured by any adjacent buildings or trees, the lights in the middle of the room would be sufficient for plant lovers penumbra. On the windows of any other orientation, especially if there is high-rise building or a tree in the center of the room will be dark in any plants.
Secondly, many people forget, and in the literature do not always write about it, that in winter the plants need more artificial lighting or rearrangement close to the window. If you purchased the plant from mid-autumn or winter, even the semi-shade plants do not need shading from direct sunlight, the winter sun barely able to cause burns, but it is always so small that in the period from October to February, many plants are easy on the eyes bald and just bought all the more. I would say that the lack of light - the main cause of ill health of plants purchased in the autumn or winter.
Another issue that arises with the acquisition of new plants - whether you need it to turn over, especially if it is bought in the autumn or winter. I always give the answer - you need to, if a plant brought from abroad (mainly from the Netherlands, Thailand and other countries) if it is not flowering, or if it is not a cactus. But we must not turn over, and make handling - ie, transplantation of a slightly larger pot with the preservation of earthen coma, handling mene painful and does not stimulate the growth of plants in the winter. This should be done and in the autumn and winter. Let me explain why. The fact that the imported plants are sold in most stores in the so-called transport pot - black or brown on the bottom are so many great holes. As a rule, the roots they fill the entire space. During the handling you need to pay attention to the roots.
First, one can immediately see if they are not damaged and as developed. Secondly, it is sometimes necessary to determine the species, for example, to distinguish kordilinu of dracaena. In addition, virtually all imported plants are planted in the same soil mix, based on peat, to which is added the sand, sometimes for loosening crumb foam. And that, to put it mildly, incorrect. Now you can buy ready-made soil mix for almost any plant.
Better not to ask for transplanting plant right in the store, since no guarantee that you transplanted it carefully transplant it at home for yourself, when it could stand for three weeks and will have time to acclimatize. Remember that no one shop or crop the center does not guarantee future well-being of plants. If something goes wrong with the health of the plants purchased, it is unlikely you will be back and no money returned. Plant, which is transplanted into the store to experience further stress, which is not a positive effect on his health. Since the handling of the new plant and spend a certain time - from two to four weeks after purchase, as of the root system, you can determine - whether you have it watered all the time. Spend handling in the new pot before the next watering the plants, then you'll see - a time to dry land from the previous watering. Maybe it's too dry - then you have to water more often, maybe she is too crude - then less frequently.
In most stores the plants found in the cooler and wet conditions than at home. So do not plant close to the heating system, and regularly spray (if this is permissible in this type of plant), as even plants transferring dry air, suffer some stress, getting out of wet and dry climate in a warmer room. Accustomed to the new environment at any plant should be gradual. Let a couple of weeks, bought the plant could stand on a pallet of water in a bright location out of direct sunlight.
If you have the slightest suspicion of the presence of pests or diseases on the plant, then apply a preventative means. Now comes a lot of different drugs that increase the natural immunity of plants to pests and diseases, increase your metabolism and allow the plants easier to transfer the impact of adverse factors (eg, lowering the temperature, etc.). We can recommend such preparations as "Appin", "Sodium Humate," "potassium humate," "Narcissus", "Immunotsitofit", "Immunototsit and dr. These drugs are relatively easy to buy as a flower shop, and in hardware stores or gardening centers.
If someone asked the question, How is the fate of purchased plant, was surprised to find that successfully grows and develops, delighting owners, only about 40% of purchased plants. And with the other problems of various kinds. Of these, about 10-15% die within the first months, as many more throughout the year, mainly due to the fact that conditions are created at home too "are not compatible with plant life." That is, the detention regime has so far not meet the requirements of this plant species. All these figures are compiled at our request in a flower shop after a survey of buyers.
Of course, they are quite approximate, but if you look on the questions asked on the forum of any "floral" sites, most often you can see the question about a particular issue, beginning with the words "I was given a plant," etc. That is, the plant recently purchased and then the problems started. Usually they occur in people not long ago started to breed houseplants, those who grow the plants the first year, my advice probably is not needed, they can help most beginners.
Anyone with indoor plants can make a list of things that might be needed to care for plants. These include: thermometer, alcohol, paint brush, a sharp knife (you can scalpel), potassium permanganate, a fungicide and insecticide products, sulfur, charcoal and crushed pieces of charcoal, bits of red brick and crushed red brick, concrete block, spray, watering can with a narrow neck and sticks for tying, paper cups for seedlings, and so on.
Sometimes, if there is no necessary ground for the plant, you can replace it on the ground, a suitable composition. For example, if there is no ground for the cactus, you can use the ground for Saintpaulia, only add to it the sand and brick chips. Since both cacti and Saintpaulia not like a lot of nitrogen in the soil, which allows such replacement. If there is no ground for bromeliads, you can use the soil for azaleas, etc.
When handling do drain into a new pot of expanded clay (it also sold in small packing at shop) or red brick. Drainage to avoid stagnation of water in the roots, which do not like almost all the plants. In addition, a new pot holes on the bottom will surely much smaller than those that were on a transport pot from the store.
If you have any doubts about the diseases or pests on your plant, and you are in confusion whether to apply a fungicide or insecticide, then decide in favor of the drug. Most of the insecticides or fungicides virtually harmless to plants, if they are not used at a concentration greater than recommended. But the damage to health from pests or diseases may be, do not fix that, if measures are not taken promptly.