Errors in nursing.
The lack of light, no fresh air, over his dry, drafts, sudden temperature changes, peresushka soils or excessive watering, lack or excess of nutrients - all this leads to inhibition of plants caused not only by their disease state, but also creates favorable conditions for pests and plant diseases. Very often, mostly from novice gardeners, you can hear the question: "I do not know from what the flower dies, what to do." If you really understand what it means, we must analyze in order.
Usually, the plants wither in one of three reasons:
Waterlogging of soil, peresushka soil pests or diseases. Was to determine the plant retain moisture or wet, you can first and foremost as an earthen coma (see below). Pest or disease in general is also possible to detect some effort. If the soil does not seem neither too dry nor too wet, pests are detected, you will have to remove the plant from the pot and examine the roots of (pests can be on the roots).
If during inspection it turns out that the roots of healthy plants fill the whole earth-com, it means that depression is associated with lack of supply, the plant should be transplanted into larger pots with fresh soil. If you find that the roots of the sluggish start to rot or then again need to transplant the plant, removing the affected parts of the roots. When viewed from earth coma may be that it retain moisture, in this case it is necessary to take measures in a uniform wetting of the plant.
When the ground ball and roots in order, the reason should be sought in the lack of light or dry air. In the first case the plant should be moved closer to the light, in the second to carry out regular spraying, and besides, winter radiators halts wet towels. Finally be paid to the appearance of the plant. Is not the reason for the depressed state of pollution of the leaves, such as dust, resulting in a broken process of respiration.
Some growers have a good habit to once a week (or at least a month) to arrange the plants bathing in the shower. Even better, while wiping the leaves with a soft sponge. This procedure is very beneficial impact on the indoor plants. To prevent thrips, spider mites, scale insects of all possible, aphids, as well as pathogenic fungi, it is necessary not only more likely to wash or bathe the plant, but also occasionally use for washing the infusion of Persian Daisies (Pyrethrum), or tobacco. Withered, flabby leaves should be removed because they often become a haven for all sorts of parasites. Must be kept clean and in pots to remove dust and mold strikes, check to see if clogged downspout hole. Earth in the pots should be regularly proryhlyat carefully, trying not to damage the roots. Germinating weeds removed.
Here are the most frequent problems encountered by probably every grower.
When it first becomes dry tips of leaves, dry brown spots appear, the leaves turn yellow and die. It is also fall and dry the lower leaves. The photo shows the "heavy phase" of damage from dry air. Most often, when humidity is not much above normal it is limited to dry the tips of the leaves (in large plants such as dieffenbachia, stsindapsusa), while melkolistyh plants, except that drying a few leaves. It is very moist earth com, yellowed lower leaves. In addition, if not taken, the leaves lose color and become limp and translucent, then starts the decay of roots, stems and death of plants - this is when plants are flooded. Very often, when wetting the leaves suddenly turn yellow and fall off.
At the same time retain moisture earthy component, is a loss of leaf turgor, leaves wither and fall off. If the soil is strongly retain moisture, the watering can be difficult, since the water is poorly absorbed. In this case, all the better to immerse the pot in a basin of warm water until the soil are moistened. Another common problem is sunburn. Not all plants tolerate direct sunlight, prolonged exposure to the sun on their leaves appear scorched, the degree of damage depends on the residence time in the sun. If this happens, we can only remove the damaged leaves and vpredb pritenyat plants in hot, sunny hours.
Buds or flowers fall more often due to dry air, insufficient light, insufficient irrigation, under the permutation of the plant from place to place and pests, as well as an excess of nitrogen. The flowers fade quickly with a lack of irrigation, dry air, lack of light or too high temperature, excess nitrogen and total fasting. Here are the most likely causes of the painful condition of the plants caused by errors in care. Upper leaves retain elasticity, but turning yellow. Likely a buildup of calcium in the soil, characteristic of some plant species. It should be watering more than soft water, such as rain or melted snow.
The leaves turn yellow and fall off. Natural change of the leaves is characteristic of most plants, but if they fall off in large numbers, it is most likely due to waterlogged soil or cold drafts. Old leaves turn yellow - in the summer due to lack of macro-or peresushki winter - due to lack of sunlight or high temperatures at night.
Dots or spots on leaves.
If the points or spots on the leaves are dry, it is probably from lack of water, when soft - then due to waterlogged soil. The bright spots on the leaves - the likelihood that the plant was poured or too cold water, or get sunburn, or a diseased or pest. If the spots on the leaves moist and swollen, then it is a disease. Leaves curl and fall off. This happens with a lack of heat, waterlogged soil or if the plant is exposed to cold drafts. Twisting and wrinkling of leaves can be caused by the sudden action of chlorine, with a deficiency in the soil magnesium, potassium fluoride - from old leaves, young - lack of molybdenum, boron, copper, and magnesium.
Sudden opadanie leaves, when they do not even have time to turn yellow - connected, usually with a state of shock the plant caused by an abrupt change what that the conditions (this happens during the acclimatization just bought the plant), sudden changes in temperature, watering with cold water, cold wind blowing a sharp increase in light intensity during the daytime. Sudden opadanie leaves of woody plants (eg citrus) may be caused by drying of the soil.
Brown tips or edges of the leaves. If they are dry, the most likely reason - too much dry air, so it could be the result of physical damage, for example, in contact with glass. If the edges of leaves yellow or brown, it could be due to waterlogged soil or lack of watering too weak or too strong lighting, too high or too low air temperature, excess minerals, dry air or cold drafts. But it can also be poisoned by the plant chlorine or potassium starvation. Help determine the true cause other symptoms.
Drooping leaves - during the drying of the soil or wetting it with an excess of light, particularly if the leaves droop at a certain time of day when the most intense sun. Just wilting of leaves can be caused by dry air or pests. Also - chronic severe shortage of potassium, magnesium, copper, excess calcium or hard water. In some plants this is due to a sharp change of place.
Lower leaves wither and fall off is likely due to the lack of light, or too high temperature, or lack of watering. The leaves turn pale - mainly too abundant light, but it can also be caused by red spider mites. Yellow tips of leaves - an excess of calcium, insufficient irrigation. Yellow-brown coloration of leaves - watering hard water or chlorinated water. Pale green leaf color to a pale, leaf mosaic - a lack of soil iron, copper or sulfur. Light green leaves and stems on them green - an excess of chlorine and calcium in water, and general starvation for nitrogen deficiency and iron discrepancy soil acidity, diseases of roots, root lesion nematode; summer this happens with an excess of light. Variegated leaves are green monochrome - with a lack of light or an excess of nitrogen in the soil.
The leaves and stalks are rotting - of diseases caused by poor conditions, often waterlogging of soil. Steklovidnyevydeleniya on the leaves, brown, partially dry spots - adverse moisture conditions, excessive watering, high humidity, lack of fresh air, low temperature or lack of light. The plant is slow or does not grow. For all plants there is a dormant period in autumn and winter, when it is not growing or growing very slowly. If this occurs in the spring or summer, then the cause may be lack of minerals, and inadequate lighting, and waterlogging of the soil.
Elongated stems with small leaves - a phenomenon often observed in winter or early spring because of lack of coverage at very high temperatures. If the stalks are drawn in the summer growth period, then it's probably a lack of minerals or the lack of lighting. The plant does not bloom. In general, flowering plants such a complex thing - some bloom even in poor care, while others, no matter how hard you try, do not bloom all. But more often still it is due to the lack of coverage or short daylight hours. Other causes may be a violation of a dormant period, the excess minerals, dry air, thrips (diners buds) or transplantation (Some plants bloom only in close pot).
Short flower stalks - broken watering (excess or deficiency of moisture), the wrong mode feedings, lack of fluoride, total fasting plants, late transplanting in the autumn, the disparity of soil mix for the plants, large fluctuations in temperature, excess heat during the growth of buds, improper maintenance of the dormant period . The green coating on a ceramic pot or the inside of the plastic pot - a sign of waterlogged soil (usually with poor drainage). White crust on a ceramic pot or on the surface of the earth - with an excess of minerals or watering the plants too hard water.
If you found what the symptoms of the above, in order to finally determine what was the reason for this state of the plants look in the encyclopedia and reread the tips on care. As you can see one and togozhe state plants may be many different reasons, sometimes even so it is impossible to know because of what the plant suffers (eg, viral diseases are very difficult to be determined), but knowledge of conditions in which the plant needs it much easier to determine the cause. Sometimes plants simply forgot to transplant in spring, and it is recommended to repot every year.
Generally it is a very common mistake gardeners room - remember to turn over the plant when it should be. Many do not consider it necessary, or instead of transplanting feed plant, which is wrong. And some plants are transplanted in a completely unsuitable land for him. In general, we advise you if problems arose carefully read the directions for care, look at the sections of the transplant, pests, diseases, water regime, and of course the encyclopedia.